Appendix 6

The Conquest of Science

We are the hollow men

We are the stuffed men

Leaning together

Headpiece filled with straw. Alas!

Our dried voices, when

We whisper together

Are quiet and meaningless

As wind in dry grass

Or rats' feet over broken glass

In our dry cellar

Shape without form, shade without colour,

Paralysed force, gesture without motion;

Those who have crossed

With direct eyes, to death's other Kingdom

Remember us - if at all - not as lost

Violent souls, but only

As the hollow men

The stuffed men.

- T. S. Eliot, The Hollow Men.

The rise of digital electronics has highlighted weaknesses in our approach to the fundamentals of electromagnetic theory. My twenty years of research into digital electronics led me to put forward a revolutionary theory of electromagnetism, "Theory C", in Wireless World, December 1980. I concluded as follows;

The direct transition from [classical electromagnetism] to Theory C is similar to the change in combustion theory from phlogiston to oxidation, but is more difficult. Phlogiston is very similar to electricity, being a strange 'fluid' which permeates solids. But whereas the oxygen which 'replaced' phlogiston was still within the same body, the energy current which replaces electricity is not where the electricity was; it is where it was not. This is a very difficult transition. If the idea of replacing phlogiston caused mirth at High Table, we have to expect Theory C to generate widespread hilarity.

In the event, Theory C took off like a lead balloon. It has during the subsequent ten years been totally ignored by all accredited members of Academia, and I have had no success in my attempts to publish it in any learned journals.

Here we go round the prickly pear

Prickly pear prickly pear

Here we go round the prickly pear

At five o'clock in the morning.

The scurrilous reason for suppressing advances in science is easy to outline. Entrenched professors and the like need a stable knowledge base which will form a sound launching pad to project them into higher career orbits - FRS, Nobel Prize etc.

This is the dead land

This is cactus land

Here the stone images

Are raised, here they receive

The supplication of a dead man's hand

Under the twinkle of a fading star.

However, this easy rationalisation for suppression should not blind us to the other, less immoral justification for suppression, which results from the present fashion in the Philosophy of Science.

Both K. Popper and T. S. Kuhn regret the majority view in the Philosophy of Science, which Popper calls "Instrumentalism".

What they now care about, as physicists, is (a) mastery of the mathematical formalism, i.e. of the instrument, and (b) its applications; and they care for nothing else.

- K. Popper, Conjectures and Refutations, R.K.P. 1969, p100.

According to the instrumentalist view, the validity or falsity of a theory has no importance. All that matters is its usefulness as an instrument for predicting practical results.

Between the idea

And the reality

Between the motion

And the act

Falls the Shadow

For Thine is the Kingdom

An entrenched academic will value past practical results, attributing them to traditional theory, and be suspicious of promises for the future from the new theory.

Between the conception

And the creation

Between the emotion

And the response

Falls the Shadow

Life is very long

Given this situation, it is unfortunate that the "Catt Anomaly" (Electronics and Wireless World Sept.87) should have been discovered after the discovery of Theory C (WWdec80), because the instrumentalist justification for ignoring Theory C does not apply to the Catt Anomaly. Quite the reverse. The Catt Anomaly discusses matters which an instrumentalist regards as central to scientific activity - the prediction of practical results by an established theory. The Catt Anomaly is a question, not a theory; and it is a question about the operation of the established theory of electromagnetism. To an instrumentalist, it is of the utmost importance that Classical Electromagnetism (i.e. Theory N, EWW Oct84) make some statement as to where the extra electric charge comes from in the lower conductor. If the current fashion in the Philosophy of Science enables accredited academics to evade what I regard as some part of their duties, it provides no defence at all for ignoring the Catt Anomaly.

Between the desire

And the spasm

Between the potency

And the existence

Between the essence

And the descent

Falls the Shadow

For Thine is the Kingdom

If a Reader in Electromagnetism makes no written comment on the Catt Anomaly, then he is in dereliction of his duty.

Now that it has been clearly pointed out that I rest my case on the Catt Anomaly, we have a clear test of the good faith of those who are receiving salaries from electromagnetic theory. If there is no response, then we will have proved that there is no competence in electromagnetism within academia.

The eyes are not here

There are no eyes here

In this valley of dying stars

In this hollow valley

This broken jaw of our lost kingdoms

In this last of meeting places

We grope together

And avoid speech

Gathered on this beach of the tumid river

Sightless, unless

The eyes reappear

As the perpetual star

Multifoliate rose

Of death's twilight kingdom

The hope only

Of empty men.

-T. S. Eliot, The Hollow Men.

Basil Bernstein was the first to point out that knowledge is property with its own market value and trading relationships, to be defended by the group who administer that body of knowledge. Today, each group of knowledge Barons defends his demesne, his body of archaic knowledge, by the cynical use of spurious pseudo-philosophical double-talk and double-think; wave-particle duality, uncertainty principle and the rest.

This is the way Science ends. This is the way the Renaissance ends. This is the way the world ends, not with a bang but a whimper.

Ivor Catt, January 1993.

Additional notes follow, also written in 1993.

".... I am probably the best known name in this field, but nobody with accreditation in the subject will admit to having heard or read my theories, or comment favourably or unfavourably on my theories or competence. In particular, nobody with accreditation in electromagnetic theory will admit to having heard of, or comment on, the Catt Anomaly (EW+WW September 1987), on which I rest my case [Note 1].

As a result, the question of whether text books and college courses should be modified cannot be addressed"

- Electronics World and Wireless World June 1993, p469.

".... All those with accreditation in electromagnetic theory, that is who earn salary or royalty or Nobel Prize on the back of it, keep their heads down, as usual. Could their students have a go at them [to] put something in writing?

I will give 50 to the first student who gets a Reader in Electromagnetism or equivalent to comment in writing on the Catt Anomaly. The editor of this magazine will judge (Not if I can help it - Ed.) the matter of whether the comment is a serious contribution. - Ivor Catt, EW+WW Aug93, p677"

There was no response to any of this. It's frozen out. -IC

Note 1. Aspects of my theories were discussed in almost every monthly issue of Wireless World from 1978 to 1988. However, even those accredited experts who published responses to my theories; Professor Bell (ex-Reader in Electromangetism at Birmingham University) and Ken Smith/Joules Watt (University of Kent), claimed that they had not read them and were not rebutting them. However, the then editor Tom Ivall confirms that they were commenting on my theories. See Electronics and Wireless World dec87 p1251; "The solution to the conundrum, that Bell claims that he was not replying in August 1979 to the Catt article of December 1978, is that the way the Establishment replies to a new theory is to restate the old theory, and so his claim arises out of semantic ambiguity".


The Master, Trinity College, 10sep96


Dear Sir Michael Atiyah,

I enclose a copy of "The Catt Anomaly", pub. Westfields Press, 1996.

Please instruct Professor M. Pepper FRS to advise as to whether he finds contradiction between his explanation of the Catt Anomaly, p4, and that of The Reader in Electromagnetics, University of Bradford, p6. I promise that his response, and any further comments by him, will appear in future issues of the book, along with this letter.

Yours sincerely, Ivor Catt.

[Second copy sent recorded delivery to Atiyah on 1oct96, requesting acknowledgement]

[Third copy sent to Atiyah 1nov96, enclosing copy of Gardiner's 1oct96 letter (below)]

[Fourth copy sent 2dec96; fifth on 23dec96; sixth on 20jan97]

The Dean of Engineering, 10sep96

Bradford University BD7 1DP (01274 733466

Dear Professor John Gardiner,

I enclose a copy of "The Catt Anomaly", pub. Westfields Press, 1996.

Please instruct Neil McEwan, HoD Electronic and Electrical Engineering, your Reader in Electromagnetics, to advise as to whether he finds contradiction between his explanation of the Catt Anomaly, p6, and that of Professor M. Pepper FRS, Trinity College and The Cavendish, p4. I promise that his response, and any further comments by him, will appear in future issues of the book, along with this letter.

Yours sincerely, Ivor Catt.

[Second copy sent recorded delivery to Gardiner on 1oct96, requesting acknowledgement]

From Prof. Gardiner 1oct96

Dear Mr. Catt,

Thank you for your letter, received today by recorded delivery, regarding the copy of 'The Catt Anomaly', which you sent to me in September. I can confirm that this has now been forwarded to Dr. Neil McEwan for his comments. I will get in touch with Dr. McEwan and request that he contacts you direct regarding his response.

Yours sincerely, Professor J.G. Gardiner

To Professor Gardiner From Ivor Catt 1nov96.

[repeated 16nov96, 23dec96, 20jan97]

I have not heard from McEwan.

Yours, Ivor Catt




[Readers can send postage stamps as reasonable pre-payment for the latest update, specifying disc or paper.]


The log-jam identified.

To the Chief Executive, IEE 25/11/95

Dear Dr Williams,

The Catt Anomaly

The enclosed letters, all written by IEE officers, show disarray in the IEE.

You may recall that matters started with Catt's letter to you highlighting the discrepancy between Bradford (McEwan) and Cambridge (Pepper). Secker and the IEE backed Cambridge, until suddenly on 25 Oct. 95 they switched to backing Bradford.

On 26 Oct. 1995 your representative Secker disqualified himself from the matter.

I am certain that Catt only wants the IEE to fulfil its role as outlined by Secker on 4 Sep. 95 and "promote the general advancement of electrical science and engineering and their applications and to facilitate the exchange of information and ideas on these subjects". This performance of its stated duties is also requested by Miller OBE, Simmonds FIEE, Turin (subject of BBC Horizon Program on 27 Nov. 95), Ivall (former Editor of Wireless World) - an IEE Journal announces forthcoming discussion; discussion occurs; agreed summary of discussion is reported in an IEE Journal.

Please advise if financial considerations are restraining the IEE from doing its duty.

Yours faithfully [signed] Eugen Hockenjos, B.Sc., DipHE.

encl. Hamlin/Miller 9nov95; Secker/Ivall 25oct95; Secker/Catt 4sep95; Secker/Metzer 19sep95; Secker/Simmonds 26oct95; Wilson/Simmonds 9nov95; Turin/Williams 15nov95

The silence is deafening.


Further Reading


References on p37.

Copies of the correspondence with the IEE and IEEE about the Catt Anomaly are available from the author on paper or on disc on reasonable pre-payment (most easily with postage stamps). The latest update is similarly available.

Caton, Hiram, Truth management in the Sciences. Search (Australia) vol. 19 no. 5/6, sep/nov88, 242-244

ibid., Product Control in the Truth Industry. Search vol. 20, jan/feb89, pp24-26

ibid., letter to Catt, 15mar96, available from Catt.

Catt, I., The deeper hidden message in Maxwell's equations, Electronics & Wireless World, dec85. Also A mathematical rake's progress, jan86.

ibid., The conquest of thought, EWW, dec87.

ibid., The conquest of truth, EWW, jan88.

Hoyle, Fred, et al., Our Place in the Cosmos, pub. Dent 1993. See ch.1 in the 1996 Phoenix issue, p7; "On the tendency of human societies to depart indefinitely from the objective truth."

Kuhn, T.S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, pub. Univ. of Chicago Press 1970, pp109, 132, 148; " through each other...." repeated three times

MacRoberts and MacRoberts, The Scientific Referee System, Speculations in Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 5, 1980, pp573-578.

Polanyi, M, Personal Knowledge, pub. RKP 1969, pp146/8.

Popper, K.R, Conjectures and Refutations, pub. RKP 1963, p97. The Science of Galileo and its new betrayal. cf this book, p48.

Theocharis et al., Where science has gone wrong, Nature, vol. 329, pp595-598, 15oct87.


Catt, I. Maxwell's equations revisited, Wireless World, mar80.

ibid., The hidden message in Maxwell's equations, Electronics & Wireless World, nov85. Also see dec85, jan86.

ibid., Electromagnetism 1, pub. Westfields, 1994.

5oct96 [Second copy sent 11nov96, asking for acknowledgement of letter. Receipt was duly acknowledged by a card on 12nov96]

To The Editor, IEE Electronics & Communication Engineering Journal.

Dear Sir,

I enclose a review copy of The Catt Anomaly.

Your journal reviewed my previous book in oct95, see enclosed copy of that review. In its second column it referred to the Catt Anomaly.

Yours sincerely, Ivor Catt